Rashtrakutas-Indian History


     Rashtrakuta Dynasty
No. Rashtrakutas
1. Rashtrakutas were the feudatories of Badami chalukyas before they became independent
2. Rashtrakuta kingdom was established in 753 A.D.
3. Rashtrakutas belonged to Lattalura (modern Latur) of Maharashtra.
4. Period of reign of Rastrakuta Dynasty was 753-973 A.D.
Rashtrakutas-Dantidurga
5. Dantidurga was the founder of Rashtrakuta Kingdom.
6. He was the feudatory of Badami Chalukya king Vikramaditya II.
7. The conflict between Badami Chalukyas and Pallavas made Chalukya kingdom weak. Taking advantage of the situation Dantidurga declared independence during the period of Kirtivarma II.
8. Dantidurga occupied Malwa, Kalinga, Mahakosala, Nasik, Poona, Satara, Kolhapur etc.
9. He performed the hiranyagarbhadana ceremoney at Ujjain after his victory over Malwa.
10. Maharajadhiraja, Paramamaheswara, Paramabhattaraka,Prithvi vallabha and Khadgavaloka were the titles of Dantidurga.
11. He invaded Pallava kingdom and defeated Nandivarma.
12. The victories of Dantidurga are known from Samangad plates and Dasavatara Cave Inscription.
13. Dantidurga had no sons. Hence his paternal uncle Krishna I succeeded him.
Rashtrakutas-Krishna I
14. Krishna I ascended the Rashtrakuta throne in 756 A.D after Dantidurga.
15. The Badami Chalukyas were completely defeated and their kingdom was annexed by Krishna I.
16. He defeated Western Gangas.
17. The famous Kailasanatha temple at Ellora was built by Krishna I.
Rashtrakutas-Dhruva
18. Dhruva was greatest among Rashtrakuta rulers.
19. He ascended the throne in 780 A.D and ruled upt 792 A.D
20. He invaded against Western Ganga Kingdom. Its ruler Sivamara was defeated by him. Dhruva installed his son Stamba on the throne of Western Ganga.
21. Dhruva invaded against Eastern Chalukya kingdom. But its ruler Vishnuvardhana IV made an alliance with Dhruva by giving his daughterin marriage to him.
22. Dhruva invaded on Pallava kingdom and defeated them. They paid tribute to him.
23. Dhruva invaded on North India and defeated Prathihara Vatsaraja of kanauj.
24. He was the first Rastrakuta Ruler who successfully invaded against North India.
25. He had the titles of "Srivallabha", "Dharavarsha" and "Nirupakeli vallabha".
Rashtrakutas-Govinda III
26 Dhruva was succeeded by his son Govinda III.
27. Govinda III ascended the throne in 792 A.D.
28. He invaded on North India and defeated Prathihara king Nagabhatta II.
29. The ruler of Kanauj, chakrayudha surrendered to Govinda III.
30. He defeated Eastern Chalukya king Vikramaditya II and appointed his brother Bhimasaluka as representative of Vengi.
31. He defeated Pallavas, Cheras, Pandyas and Gangas.
32. He annexed Kanchi.
33. He was succeeded by his son Amoghavarsha.
Rashtrakutas-Amoghavarsha
34. Amoghavarsha succeeded after his father Govinda III.
35. Amoghavarsha being young several feudatory chiefs revolted against him.
36. Vikramaditya II of Eastern Chalukyas drove Bhimasaluki from Vengi. Amoghavarsha made concilation with Vikramaditya II by giving his sister in marriage to Vishnuvardhana IV.
37. Western Gangaraja, Neetimarugu, declared independence. But Amoghavarsha defeated him and gave back his kingdom and gave his daughter in marriage to the son of Gangaraja.
38. Amoghavarsha built Manyakheta and shifted the capital from Ellora to Manyakhetam.
39. Kaviraja Margam and Ratnamalika were written by Amoghavarsha.
40. He greatly patronized Jainisam. He was a peace loving king. Ginasena was his court poet.
41. The Arab travellar Suleman visited the court of Amoghavarsha.
42. Amoghavarsha was succeeded by his son Krishna II.
Rashtrakutas-Krishna III
43. Krishna III was the last great ruler of Rashtrakuta dynasty.
44. He ascended the throne in 939 A.D and ruled upto 967 A.D.
45. Krishna III revived the glory of Rashtrakutas.
46. In the battle of Takkolam Krishna III defeated the Chola king Parantaka.
47. He defeated Ammaraja-II of Eastern Chalukya kingdom and made Badava as its ruler.
48. Krishna III invaded on Malva against the Paramar rular Harshasiyaka and occupied Ujjain.
49. The great Kanada poet ponna was in the court of Krishna III.
50. The Rashtrakuta rular Indra III defeated Pratihara emperor Mahipala and occupied Kanauj.
51. Karka II was the last ruler of Rashtrakutas. He was defeated by Tailapa.