Indian History

NSSO 68th Round Survey:

The National Sample Survey Office(NSSO) released the key indicators of Employment and Unemployment in India on 20th June 2013 from its 68th round survey conducted during the period July 2011-June 2012.
Usual Status(US) is determined on the basis of one year period. Current Weekly Status(CWSO) is determined on the basis of one week period. Current Daily Status(CDS) is determined on the basis of one day.
There are two indicators in Usual Status(US) approach. One is based on principal activity called Usual Principal Status (ps). Another one is based on both principal and subsidiary activities called Usual Status(ps+ss).
Key Indicators in Usual Status(ps+ss):
    Labour force participation rate(LFPR):
    It is 40% at all India level. 41% from rural areas
    37% from urban areas.
    It is 56% for males
    23% for females.
    Worker Population Ratio(WPR):
    It is 39% at the all India level.
    40% in rural areas
    36% in urban areas.
    It is 54% for males and 22% for females.
    Unemployment Rate(UR):
    It is nearly 2% at all India level.
    In rural areas it is about 2%
    about 3% in urban areas.
It is nearly 2% in rural areas for both males and females and in urban areas nearly 5% for females and 3% for males.Labour Force: Labour force refers to the population which supplies or seeks to supply labour for production and therefore includes both employed and unemployed persons.
As per Fourth Annual Employment-Unemployment Survey 2013-14, Labour Bureau, the Unemployment Rate (UR) for persons aged 15 years and above according to Usual Principal Status (UPS) is 4.7 per cent in rural areas and 5.5 per cent in urban areas. The total UR reported is 4.9 per cent. The Labour Bureau survey figures are much higher than the all India unemployment rates arrived at by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO, 2011-12), which reported URs of 2.3 per cent for rural areas, 3.8 per cent for urban areas and 2.7 per cent for India as a whole.