Indian History

Agriculture in India

1.Agriculture is the main occupation in India. It is a life-subsistence Occupation. Many industries in India depend on the raw materials supplied by agriculture. Agriculture supports even many tertiary occupations like transport, trade, banking etc. Agriculture also includes fisheries, cattle-rearing and forestry.

2.Agriculture and allied activities remain the major source of livelihood for nearly half of the Indian population. The share of agriculture in employment was 48.9 per cent of the workforce [National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), 2011-12] while  its share in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was 17.4 per cent in 2014-15 (First Revised Estimates)  at constant (2011-12) prices.

3.The Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-13 to 2016-17) had envisaged a growth target of 4 per cent for agriculture and allied sectors, necessary for the Indian economy to grow at over 8 per cent. During the last three years, the growth rates in agriculture have been fluctuating at 1.5 per cent in 2012-13, 4.2 per cent in 2013-14, and (-) 0.2 per cent in 2014-15. According to the CSO (Central Statistics Office) estimates released on 8 February 2016, the growth in the agriculture, forestry and fishing sector is estimated at 1.1 per cent in 2015-16.

4.Haryana has highest(%) utilisation of electricity for agricultural purposes out of its total consumption.